Maurice (1567-1625), man of steel and science Maurice was a military genius and fascinated by technological innovations. He won several spectacular victories and retained the advantage against Spain for many years.
Together with his cousin William Louis, stadholder of Friesland, Maurice reorganised and modernised the Dutch army. Their strength lay in a willingness to consult all kinds of experts, and their enthusiasm for innovation. Discipline was the key. The modern States army (so-called because the soldiers fought for the Dutch assembly, the States General) was a well-oiled machine and a model for armies throughout Europe.
Maurice made his mark as the commander of both army and navy. His well-trained troops were extremely successful. He managed to capture huge areas from the Spaniards for the Republic and at the Battle of Nieuwpoort the prince won a major victory.
Later, he became embroiled in domestic issues about the connection between state and religion. In November 1624, Maurice returned from campaigning sick A long illness followed in which Maurice grew excessively thin, until in April 1625 he died.