Portrait of an Unknown Woman, Lorenzo Bartolini, c. 1825
Bartolini was an innovator in Italian sculpture. He broke with the then-current tradition of using the art of Classical antiquity as a model. This modest portrait was directly inspired by a famous Italian Renaissance sculpture of a woman (from around 1475), who holds her hands to her chest this way. Bartolini’s modern style made him a very popular portraitist for the European beau monde.