Portrait medallion of an unknown man, Johan Gregor van der Schardt, c. 1575 - c. 1580
Although Van der Schardt entered into the service of Emperor Maximilian II in Nuremberg, he still worked for other patrons. Prominent citizens were eager to have him portray them. Such likenesses could take the form of three-dimensional busts or low reliefs of the face in profile. The choice was usually based on financial considerations; a relief was less expensive.