The Coach of Mangkoe Nagoro IV, Pieter Alardus Haaxman, c. 1870
Haaxman made this painting as a kind of advertisement for The Hague firm of carriage makers Hermans en Co. The coach depicted was ordered by the Javanese sultan Mangkoe Nagoro IV. The Roman numeral IV, a reference to the Javanese ruler, can be seen in the Dutch coat of arms on the door of the carriage. This clearly shows the extent to which the authority of local rulers was intertwined with that of the Dutch at the end of the 19th century.