Portrait of Raden Syarif Bustaman Saleh, attributed to Friedrich Carl Albert Schreuel, c. 1840
A descendant of a Javanese aristocratic family, as the title Raden indicates, Saleh came to the Netherlands in 1829 to study painting. He appears here as a European dandy, seated before a Western seascape. Soon, how-ever, he specialized in exotic scenes and began dressing as an oriental prince. Back on Java (1851), Raden Saleh built a Gothic Revival palace and socialized with the European elite, flitting between his Javanese and European identity.