View of the Island of Itamaracá, Brazil, Frans Jansz Post, 1637
This is the earliest known painting of Post, made on 3 November 1637. At first Johan Maurits wanted to build the new capital on the island of Itamaracá. The two men and their slaves in the foreground are probably exploring the island. On the hill across the water lies Schoppestad, with on the right Fort Oranje, which can still be visited today.