Madonna of Humility, Bartolommeo Bulgarini, c. 1353
Guild regulations in Siena were less strict than in Florence, so artists there had more scope for innova-tion. The ‘Madonna of Humility’ (Madonna dell’umilità) was a new theme introduced by Sienese artists in the early 14th century. It stressed the Virgin’s humility by showing her seated or kneeling on the floor beside the Christ Child. Here Jesus interrupts her from her reading.