The Battle of Waterloo, Jan Willem Pieneman, 1824
In 1815 Napoleon was finally defeated at the Battle of Waterloo. This painting –the largest in the Rijksmuseum –depicts the turning point in the battle, when the Duke of Wellington, the British commander, hears that Prussian help is on the way. Victory and the end of twenty years of war are in sight. The Dutch Crown Prince, later King William II, lies wounded on a stretcher. His bravery earned him the nickname the Hero of Waterloo.